General Information about Gulmarg

*Interiors of Khankah-e-Moula,the first mosque of Kashmir considered as a cultural and architectural marvel
Culture Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu Kashmir, located on the banks of the Jhelum River, is a fantastic place on earth that is worth exploring at least once in your life. The culture of Srinagar is speechless. The people here are very generous and kind. History, style of dress, language, delicious food, and music - all this speaks of the greatness and uniqueness of the culture of Srinagar. Especially in arts and crafts, you can see the highest respect and appreciation for living culture.
People The people of Srinagar are amicable and charming. Here we see people of different faiths living and maintaining good relationships. The caring and welcoming culture of the local people of Srinagar is impressive and makes you feel like a family. From the locals, you can discover the authentic and never-before-seen Srinagar in the form of love and care. The people of Srinagar think as you are their responsibility. They make you walk around the City without missing anything.
Language Urdu and English are the official languages in Srinagar. But the locals mainly speak Kashmiri and Urdu, spoken by all types of Kashmiris, including majority Muslims and minority communities of Hindu, Sikhs.
Religion Srinagar is not the birthplace of one religion. People of different faiths live happily under one roof. Due to various ruling authorities, Srinagar has a population of varied faiths, Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs. There may be different religions, but the culture of Srinagar teaches respect for other religions.
Scores of people offering congregational prayers on Eid at Jamia Masjid
Festivals Srinagar hosts various festivals and fairs with extreme celebrations. During the festivals, houses and faces of people seem to light up with thousands of lights of joy and happiness. The festivals like Ramdhan, Eid, Urs, Lohri, Navroz, Baisakhi are celebrated with great religious fervor.
A street food stall stationed outside a shrine
Food The local cuisine and food habits in Srinagar blend geographical, historical, and cultural influences. Rice has been the staple diet for locals. But the present-day voracious meat dishes cravings date back to the 14th century when the Silk route travelers used to get their chefs along, mainly from Samarkand. Their descendants are now known as Wazas and the cuisine as Wazwan, which include Tabakh Maaz, Rista, Gushtab, kabab, Pulao, Yakhni, etc. But the locals have an age-old practice of drying vegetables in summer, which they used in winters when the heavy snowfall blocked the main routes leading to Kashmir. The sun-dried vegetables including, Aale Hatche (dried bottle gourd), Wangan Hatche (dried brinjal), Ruwangan Hatche (dried tomatoes), Gogji Aare (dried turnip), Haech palak (dried spinach), fresh Nadir (lotus stem), are indigenous to this place, which many tourists like. In bread, Shirmal, Kulcha, Kander cheochwoer, bakirkhani taste delicious when taken with a cup of salt tea, Nun Chai or saffron, and gulkand (dried rose petals) stuffed Kahwa. Other than these, some of the rural areas in Srinagar are famous for cultivating organic strawberries, cherry, walnuts, almonds, apples, pears, kiwi, etc. Srinagar is also famous for its indigenous fast-food culture, including Nader Monje (sliced lotus stem fried in gram flour), Alwe pakode (sliced potatoes fried in gram flour), etc.
A group of children wearing a traditional dress known as Pheran
Dresses Different regions use different styles of clothing depending on local conditions and culture. Men wear traditional attires like Salwar and Kameez mostly, and the office goers wear formals. Women usually cover their heads and wear dresses like Salwar Kameez. Traditional women's costume like Pheran with tilla embroidery is designed with beautiful, colourful floral prints and embroidery that look lifelike. Men also wear Pheran in winters to remain warm when temperatures fall below freezing point.
An elderly man weaving carpet at a loom
Art and Crafts Arts and crafts are endlessly the foundation of culture. Each region will be familiar with its unique arts and crafts. In this case, Srinagar is the name for handicrafts and various forms of dance and music, literature, painting, etc. The genesis of handicrafts dates back to the 14th century when Sufi Saint Shah e Hamadan reached the Valley. He had come to Kashmir thrice and once with at least 700 artisans who helped locals learn the art. Srinagar is also known as golden hands for its artisans weaving Pashmina shawls, Kashmiri carpets, rugs, chain stitch embroidery, and walnut wood carving papier-mache, copper work, Sozni (needle) work, etc. The people, artisans associated with these works were so significant that they named areas after these professions like Bandook Khar Mohalla, Sazgaripora, Naqashpora, Zainakadal, Bohri kadal, etc. The local architecture is an exciting merger of handicrafts, architecture, and designs resulting in distinct aesthetics.
A local playing traditional musical instrument, Rubab on banks of Dal
Music Srinagar's diverse musical forms are simply beautiful, melodic, and energetic. Over the years, the people of Srinagar have become accustomed to different forms of music. The best forms of music are Rouf, Wanvun, Chaker, Ladishah, and Bandh Pather. Musical forms of Pather and Sufiana Kalam (Sufi Music) are famous. All of these musical forms depict love, revolution, fairy tales, morality, etc. The prominent musical instruments include Tumbaknear, Rabab, Sitar, Noet, Nai, and Santoor.